Document Detail


Prevalence and correlates of genital warts in Kenyan female sex workers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23060082     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Our goal in the present study was to investigate the prevalence and correlates of genital warts in a population of female sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya. Because of the high prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in this population, we were particularly interested in the association between HIV-1 infection and genital warts.
METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of the prevalence and correlates of genital warts among high-risk women in Mombasa, Kenya. Between 2001 and 2007, 1182 women were enrolled, of whom 613 (51.4%) were HIV-1 seropositive. Chi square tests and logistic regression were used to examine the associations between genital warts and potential correlates.
RESULTS: Genital warts were identified on clinical examination in 27 (2.3%) women. Women who were HIV-1 seropositive were nearly 8 times as likely to have genital warts compared with HIV-1-seronegative women (odds ratio, 7.69; 95% confidence interval, 2.30-25.6).
CONCLUSION: Understanding the prevalence and correlates of genital warts will help to determine whether coverage for the wart-inducing subtypes 6 and 11 in a human papillomavirus vaccine is an important consideration in resource-limited countries.
Authors:
Barbara E Kavanaugh; Katherine Odem-Davis; Walter Jaoko; Benson Estambale; James N Kiarie; Linnet N Masese; Ruth Deya; Lisa E Manhart; Susan M Graham; Raymond Scott McClelland
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sexually transmitted diseases     Volume:  39     ISSN:  1537-4521     ISO Abbreviation:  Sex Transm Dis     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-12     Completed Date:  2013-02-14     Revised Date:  2013-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7705941     Medline TA:  Sex Transm Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  902-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / epidemiology*,  prevention & control
Adult
Alphapapillomavirus / drug effects,  immunology,  isolation & purification*
Chi-Square Distribution
Condylomata Acuminata / epidemiology*,  prevention & control
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Genital Diseases, Female / epidemiology*,  prevention & control
Genitalia, Female / virology*
Humans
Kenya / epidemiology
Logistic Models
Papillomavirus Vaccines / pharmacology
Physical Examination
Prevalence
Risk Factors
Sex Workers
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
5D43-TW000007/TW/FIC NIH HHS; P01 HD064915/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; P01 HD64915/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; P30-AI027757/AI/NIAID NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Papillomavirus Vaccines
Comments/Corrections

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