Document Detail

Prevalence of childhood epilepsy in Kaunas, Lithuania.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9339864     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The prevalence of epilepsy in children aged 0-15 years of Kaunas city, Lithuania, was evaluated on 1 January 1995. Multiple sources for case identification were used, i.e. medical records at the university hospital, regional outpatient clinics and consultation centres, institutions, schools and kindergartens for the handicapped. Active epilepsy was defined as two or more unprovoked epileptic seizures with at least one seizure occurring within the previous 5 years, regardless of the antiepileptic drug treatment. Prevalence was found to be 4.25 (3.42, if age-standardized) in 1000. The highest rate was found in the 10-14 years age group. The male/female ratio was 1.29. No possible causes could be determined in 60.3% of cases. Congenital causes were diagnosed in 18.8% of cases, perinatal causes in 15.3%, traumatic causes in 2.6% and neuroinfectious causes in 2.4%. Classification of epilepsies and epileptic syndromes [Commission on Classification and Prognosis of the International League Against Epilepsy. Proposal for revised classification of epilepsies and epileptic syndromes. Epilepsia 1989; 30:389-399] revealed that 50% of cases were localization-related epilepsies, 29.9% were generalized epilepsies, 15.9% were undetermined whether partial or generalized and 4.2% were unclassifiable. Rates for idiopathic, symptomatic and cryptogenic cases are presented.
M Endziniene; V Pauza; I Miseviciene
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain & development     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0387-7604     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Dev.     Publication Date:  1997 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-11-26     Completed Date:  1997-11-26     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7909235     Medline TA:  Brain Dev     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  379-87     Citation Subset:  IM    
Neurological Clinic of Kaunas Medical Academy, Kaunas, Lithuania.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Child, Preschool
Data Collection
Epidemiologic Research Design
Epidemiologic Studies
Epilepsy / classification,  epidemiology*,  etiology
Lithuania / epidemiology

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