Document Detail


Prevalence of chief complaints in a pediatric clinic population.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10082054     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To determine the type and frequency of chief complaints reported by parents of pediatric patients younger than 8 years of age in an optometry clinic. There have been many reports on prevalence of pediatric eye and vision disorders; however, the frequency of presenting complaints has not been carefully investigated. METHODS: 578 patient charts were retrospectively evaluated to determine the entering chief complaint, representing a 28-month time period between January 1993 and April 1995. The subjects were classified by age, and the chief complaint was placed in one of eight categories. RESULTS: The most frequently reported (30.1%) entering complaint for all subjects was the need for a routine vision examination. Each age category, however, had a unique distribution of complaints. Infants (1 to 11 months of age, n = 24) and young school age children (6 to 7-11 years of age, N = 233) most frequently reported complaints in the "other" category, at rates of 37.5% and 38.2%, respectively. Toddlers (12 to 36 months of age, N = 61) most commonly presented with complaints of an observed eye turn (39.3%), and preschoolers (3 to 5-11 years of age, N = 260) presented mainly for routine vision examinations (48.9%). CONCLUSIONS: There was a large percentage of patients presenting for routine vision care, which may represent an encouraging trend in public education efforts concerning children's vision care needs. The relative frequency of chief complaints in each age category prepares the eye care practitioner to address common parental concerns. This information can help to improve vision care education and services for the pediatric population.
Authors:
G B Erickson; D L Kirk; F D Guerrero
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry     Volume:  76     ISSN:  1040-5488     ISO Abbreviation:  Optom Vis Sci     Publication Date:  1999 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-05-04     Completed Date:  1999-05-04     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904931     Medline TA:  Optom Vis Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  88-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Pacific University College of Optometry, Forest Grove, Oregon 97116, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Distribution
California / epidemiology
Child
Child, Preschool
Eye Diseases / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  etiology
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Optometry / methods
Patient Education as Topic
Prevalence
Retrospective Studies
Vision Tests

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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