Document Detail

Prevalence and causes of iron deficiency anemias in infants aged 9 to 12 months in Estonia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18182838     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and causes of iron deficiency anemia in infants aged 9 to 12 months in Estonia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Every second child aged 9-12 months was randomly selected from primary medical centers in seven counties from all over Estonia. A questionnaire concerning eating habits and lifestyle was sent to their parents. Sixty-five percent (n=195) of contacted families agreed to participate in the study. Mean corpuscular volume and hemoglobin, serum ferritin, and soluble transferrin receptor levels were measured in 171 infants. Anemia was defined when hemoglobin level was lower than 105 g/L, and iron deficiency when ferritin level and mean corpuscular volume were lower than 12 microg/L and 74 fL, respectively. RESULTS: The prevalence of iron deficiency was 14.0% and iron deficiency anemia 9.4%. Birthweight less than 3000 g was the main risk factor for iron deficiency (OR=9.4; P<0.0005). Infants fed with breast milk and solid food had lower ferritin concentration (18.5 microg/L, 95% CI 14.0-23.0) than infants fed with formula and solid food (32.8 microg/L, 95% CI 26.6-39) (P<0.005). CONCLUSION: Iron deficiency anemia is common among 9-12-month-old Estonian infants. The main risk factor for iron deficiency was birthweight less than 3000 g.
Neve Vendt; Heli Grünberg; Sirje Leedo; Vallo Tillmann; Tiina Talvik
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania)     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1648-9144     ISO Abbreviation:  Medicina (Kaunas)     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-09     Completed Date:  2008-02-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9425208     Medline TA:  Medicina (Kaunas)     Country:  Lithuania    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  947-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, University of Tartu, Lunini 6, 51014 Tartu, Estonia.
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MeSH Terms
Anemia, Iron-Deficiency / blood,  diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  etiology
Bottle Feeding
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Erythrocyte Indices
Estonia / epidemiology
Ferritins / blood*
Infant Food
Infant Formula
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Life Style
Pilot Projects
Receptors, Transferrin / blood
Risk Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Receptors, Transferrin; 9007-73-2/Ferritins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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