Document Detail


Prevalence of byssinosis and respiratory symptoms among spinners in Sudanese cotton mills.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3674022     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Byssinosis, other respiratory symptoms, and ventilatory capacity were investigated in 186 male spinners in two Sudanese textile mills located in Khartoum and Hassaheisa. The prevalence of byssinosis was 37% among Khartoum spinners where coarse cotton was processed, significantly higher (p less than 0.01) than the 1% found among Hassaheisa spinners, where fine cotton was used. The prevalence of chronic bronchitis was 29% in Khartoum and 2% in Hassaheisa spinners. A significant reduction in forced expiratory volumes (FEV1 after a shift) was observed in spinners of both factories. Our findings provide evidence that very low rates or absence of byssinosis, related respiratory symptoms, and significant functional abnormalities (FEV1) in the late stages of cotton yarn processing all depend on the quality of cotton used and low levels of cotton dust concentration.
Authors:
M A Awad elKarim; S H Onsa
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of industrial medicine     Volume:  12     ISSN:  0271-3586     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Ind. Med.     Publication Date:  1987  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-11-24     Completed Date:  1987-11-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8101110     Medline TA:  Am J Ind Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  281-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Sudan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Bronchitis / epidemiology*
Byssinosis / epidemiology*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Medicine
Sudan

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