Document Detail


Prevalence of blood and injection phobia among pregnant women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18972231     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of blood and injection phobia in an unselected pregnant population, in order to estimate the need for curative intervention programmes. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Antenatal care clinics in the southeast region of Sweden. Sample. In total, 1,606 consecutively registered pregnant women attending their first visit with a midwife. METHODS: The women were asked to complete the Injection Phobia-Anxiety scale, measuring phobic symptoms. Women who scored>20 on the questionnaire were telephone-interviewed and then diagnosed or dismissed according to the DSM-IV criteria for blood and injection phobia. Main outcome measures. Prevalence of blood and injection phobia according to the DSM-IV. RESULTS: Of 1,529 women who chose to participate (92.5%), 110 women or 7.2% fulfilled the DSM-IV criteria for blood and injection phobia. The mean age of the women was 29.1 years. CONCLUSIONS: Blood and injection phobia is hitherto unreported in the literature, but seems to be relatively common and needs to be recognized during pregnancy as it causes a great deal of discomfort and fear among pregnant women. The Injection Phobia-Anxiety scale is suitable as a screening tool in an antenatal care clinic setting.
Authors:
Caroline Lilliecreutz; Ann Josefsson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica     Volume:  87     ISSN:  1600-0412     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-09     Completed Date:  2009-01-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370343     Medline TA:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1276-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Blood*
Female
Humans
Injections / psychology*
Phobic Disorders / epidemiology*
Predictive Value of Tests
Pregnancy
Pregnant Women / psychology*
Prevalence
Questionnaires
ROC Curve
Sensitivity and Specificity
Young Adult
Comments/Corrections
Erratum In:
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2008;87(12):1279

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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