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Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension among adults in rural north-western China: a cross-sectional population survey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23816929     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To assess rates and determinants of prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in rural north-western China.
METHODS: Adults were recruited from five surveillance areas in Gansu Province using a three-stage cluster sampling plan. A combination of household and community-based surveys was employed and two methods of surveillance (questionnaire and physical measurement) were undertaken.
RESULTS: A total of 3000 subjects were included; 1100 (36.7%) had hypertension. Hypertension was associated with older age, lower educational levels and being overweight or obese. Only 407 (37%) subjects with hypertension were aware of their condition. Multiple logistic regression showed significant correlations between hypertension awareness and age, obesity and central obesity. Antihypertensive treatment was received by 31.2% of participants with hypertension. Obesity, smoking and older age were associated with treatment. Blood pressure was controlled in 18.1% of participants receiving antihypertensive treatment and in 5.6% of subjects with hypertension overall.
CONCLUSION: In conclusion, prevalence of hypertension is rapidly increasing in rural north-western China. Rates of awareness and treatment of hypertension remain low and blood pressure is poorly controlled.
Authors:
Caixia Dong; Pengfei Ge; Xiaolan Ren; Haoqiang Fan; Xiang Yan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-7-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of international medical research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1473-2300     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Int. Med. Res.     Publication Date:  2013 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-7-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0346411     Medline TA:  J Int Med Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
The First Hospital of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu Province, China.
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