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Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in rural areas of davanagere.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20606939     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in the rural areas of Davanagere.
TYPE OF STUDY: Cross-sectional community-based study.
SETTING: Villages belonging to six sectors of the Davanagere Taluk.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: General population above 18 years.
METHODOLOGY: A community-based sample was chosen by a multistage sampling technique. Subjects were screened for hypertension by a house-to-house survey. Subjects with systolic blood pressure more than 140 and diastolic blood pressure more than 90 mm of Hg, on hypertensive treatment, and history of hypertension were classified as hypertensives. The data thus obtained was compiled and analyzed.
RESULTS: The prevalence rate of hypertension in the study population was 18.3% (95% CI, 16.7-19.9%). Prevalence of hypertension was more in males 19.1% (95% CI, 16.7-21.5%) than in females 17.5% (95% CI, 14.9-20.1%); 11.6%, 5.6%, and 1.2% of the total subjects had Grade I, Grade II, and Grade III, respectively. Only 33.8% of them were aware of their hypertensive status. Hypertensives of 32.1% were on treatment, and 12.5% adequately controlled their BP. About 6.9% of the total hypertensives had severe hypertension.
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Proportions, One way Analysis of Variance, Chi-square test.
Authors:
Yuvaraj By; Nagendra Gowda Mr; Umakantha Ag
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of community medicine : official publication of Indian Association of Preventive & Social Medicine     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1998-3581     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Community Med     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-07     Completed Date:  2011-07-14     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9315574     Medline TA:  Indian J Community Med     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  138-41     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
S.S Institute of Medical Sciences, Davanagere, India.
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