Document Detail

Prevalence of alcohol use disorders among American surgeons.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22351913     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To determine the point prevalence of alcohol abuse and dependence among practicing surgeons.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with data gathered through a 2010 survey.
SETTING: The United States of America.
PARTICIPANTS: Members of the American College of Surgeons.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Alcohol abuse and dependence.
RESULTS: Of 25,073 surgeons sampled, 7197 (28.7%) completed the survey. Of these, 1112 (15.4%) had a score on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, version C, consistent with alcohol abuse or dependence. The point prevalence for alcohol abuse or dependence for male surgeons was 13.9% and for female surgeons was 25.6%. Surgeons reporting a major medical error in the previous 3 months were more likely to have alcohol abuse or dependence (odds ratio, 1.45; P < .001). Surgeons who were burned out (odds ratio, 1.25; P = .01) and depressed (odds ratio, 1.48; P < .001) were more likely to have alcohol abuse or dependence. The emotional exhaustion and depersonalization domains of burnout were strongly associated with alcohol abuse or dependence. Male sex, having children, and working for the Department of Veterans Affairs were associated with a lower likelihood of alcohol abuse or dependence.
CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol abuse and dependence is a significant problem in US surgeons. Organizational approaches for the early identification of problematic alcohol consumption followed by intervention and treatment where indicated should be strongly supported.
Michael R Oreskovich; Krista L Kaups; Charles M Balch; John B Hanks; Daniel Satele; Jeff Sloan; Charles Meredith; Amanda Buhl; Lotte N Dyrbye; Tait D Shanafelt
Related Documents :
7104943 - Group therapy with sexually abused adolescents.
24613983 - Social cognition in serious mental illness.
23348983 - The social distance theory of power.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of surgery (Chicago, Ill. : 1960)     Volume:  147     ISSN:  1538-3644     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Surg     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-21     Completed Date:  2012-04-10     Revised Date:  2012-10-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9716528     Medline TA:  Arch Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  168-74     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
American College of Surgeons, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Alcohol-Related Disorders / epidemiology*
Alcoholism / epidemiology
Burnout, Professional / epidemiology,  psychology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Depersonalization / epidemiology
General Surgery / statistics & numerical data*
Job Satisfaction
Logistic Models
Middle Aged
Physician Impairment / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Quality of Life
Stress, Psychological / epidemiology
United States / epidemiology
Comment In:
Arch Surg. 2012 Feb;147(2):110   [PMID:  22351903 ]
Arch Surg. 2012 Feb;147(2):174   [PMID:  22351914 ]
Arch Surg. 2012 Aug;147(8):785-6; author reply 786   [PMID:  22911086 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Intertransversalis fascia approach in urologic laparoscopic operations.
Next Document:  Change in mechanical bowel obstruction demographic and etiological patterns during the past century:...