Document Detail


Prevalence of alcohol, illicit drugs and psychoactive medicines in killed drivers in four European countries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23297822     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Our objective was to determine the presence of psychoactive substances in blood of drivers killed in road crashes in four European countries. Data from 1118 drivers of car and vans, killed between 2006 and 2009, were collected in Finland, Norway, Portugal and Sweden. The prevalence of any psychoactive substance ranged between 31 and 48%. Alcohol (≥ 0.1 g/L) was the most common finding, 87% had a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) ≥ .5 g/L. Benzodiazepines (1.8-13.3%) and amphetamines (0-7.4%) were the most prevalent psychoactive medicines and illicit drugs, respectively. Alcohol-drug and drug-drug combinations were rather prevalent. Differences in alcohol/drug findings seemed to reflect differences in use in the countries. More research should be done to develop preventive strategies to reduce the number of alcohol- and drug-related traffic accidents targeting at-risk groups, such as drivers with very high BACs and novice drivers.
Authors:
Sara-Ann Legrand; Hallvard Gjerde; Cristina Isalberti; Trudy Van der Linden; Pirjo Lillsunde; Mario J Dias; Susanne Gustafsson; Gunnel Ceder; Alain G Verstraete
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of injury control and safety promotion     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1745-7319     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101247254     Medline TA:  Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
a Department of Clinical Chemistry, Microbiology and Immunology , Ghent University , De Pintelaan 185 , BE-9000 Ghent , Belgium.
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