Document Detail

Prevalence of adverse food reactions in 130 dogs in Italy with dermatological signs: a retrospective study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20536692     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of adverse food reactions (AFRs) in dogs with dermatological signs presented to the referral dermatological clinic of the University of Milan. METHODS: The medical records of dogs with dermatological signs were reviewed. Prevalence of AFRs was calculated. Owner and clinician pruritus scores were compared. Breed, sex and age predisposition were statistically tested, as was the association between AFR and selected clinical features. RESULTS: The prevalence of AFRs in dogs with dermatological signs was 12% (16 of 130). AFR was diagnosed in 26% of dogs with allergic disease and 48% of those subjected to a dietary trial. There was a significant association between AFRs and early onset of clinical signs (< 1 year) (OR=3.8; P=0.0221, 95% CI=1.27 to 11.16). There was a significant association between AFRs and both otitis externa (OR=5.9; P=0.0015, 95% CI=2 to 17.9) and perianal fistula (OR=26.1; P=0.0058, 95% CI=2.52 to 269.4), although all dogs with perianal fistulas were German shepherd dogs. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The prevalence of AFRs in the study population was higher than most reported values. Further studies are warranted to investigate the true prevalence of AFR and its possible association with perianal fistula and other potential markers.
D Proverbio; R Perego; E Spada; E Ferro
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-06-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of small animal practice     Volume:  51     ISSN:  1748-5827     ISO Abbreviation:  J Small Anim Pract     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-14     Completed Date:  2010-10-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0165053     Medline TA:  J Small Anim Pract     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  370-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Feed / adverse effects*
Dog Diseases / epidemiology*,  etiology
Fistula / epidemiology,  veterinary
Food Hypersensitivity / epidemiology,  etiology,  veterinary*
Italy / epidemiology
Perianal Glands / injuries
Pruritus / epidemiology,  etiology,  veterinary
Retrospective Studies

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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