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Prevalence and Screening of Traumatic Brain Injury Among Veterans Seeking Mental Health Services.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23288308     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES:: To assess the prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among Veterans seeking mental health services using a 4-item tool, the Traumatic Brain Injury-4 (TBI-4), and to establish the classification accuracy of the TBI-4 using the Ohio State University TBI-Identification Method as the criterion standard. STUDY DESIGN:: Archival and observational data collected from individuals seeking care at a Mountain State VA Medical Center. PARTICIPANTS:: The sample for the archival study was 1810. Three hundred sixteen Veterans completed observational study measures. MAIN MEASURES:: For the archival study, TBI-4 and demographic data extracted from electronic medical records. For the observational study, the Ohio State University TBI-Identification Method and a demographic questionnaire were used. TBI-4 data were also obtained from electronic medical records. RESULTS:: The prevalence of probable TBI among those seeking VA MH treatment was 45%. Sensitivity and specificity of the TBI-4 were 0.74 and 0.56, respectively. Veterans with all levels of TBI severity sought care within this VA mental health setting. CONCLUSIONS:: The prevalence of TBI in this VA mental health treatment population was higher than expected. Additional research is required to assess the clinical utility of screening for TBI among this population of Veterans.
Authors:
Lisa A Brenner; Beeta Y Homaifar; Jennifer H Olson-Madden; Herbert T Nagamoto; Joe Huggins; Alexandra L Schneider; Jeri E Forster; Bridget Matarazzo; John D Corrigan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of head trauma rehabilitation     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1550-509X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Head Trauma Rehabil     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8702552     Medline TA:  J Head Trauma Rehabil     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  21-30     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
VA VISN 19 Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center (MIRECC), Denver, Colorado (Drs Brenner, Homaifar, Olson-Madden, Nagamoto, Forster, and Matarazzo, Mr Huggins, and Ms Schneider); Departments of Psychiatry (Drs Brenner, Olson-Madden, Nagamoto, and Matarazzo), Neurology (Dr Brenner), Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Dr Brenner), and Pediatrics (Dr Forster), School of Medicine, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora; VA Boston Healthcare System (Dr Homaifar); Department of Psychiatry, Boston University (Dr Homaifar), Boston, Massachusetts; Eastern Colorado Health Care System, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Denver (Dr Nagamoto); Department of Biostatistics & Informatics, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Denver (Dr Forster); and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ohio State University, Columbus (Dr Corrigan).
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