Document Detail

Prevalence and reasons for introducing infants early to solid foods: variations by milk feeding type.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23530169     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of, and mothers' self-reported reasons for, introducing solid foods to infants earlier than recommended (aged <4 months) and the variation in reasons for early introduction by milk feeding type.
METHODS: The study included 1334 mothers who participated in the national longitudinal Infant Feeding Practices Study II (2005-2007). Monthly 7-day food-frequency questions throughout infancy were used to determine infant age at solid food introduction and to classify infant's milk feeding at introduction as breast milk only, formula only, or mixed. Reasons for introducing solid foods at age <4 months were assessed through maternal responses to a list of 12 potential reasons. Analyses included descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression.
RESULTS: Overall, 40.4% of mothers introduced solid foods before age 4 months. Prevalence varied by milk feeding type (24.3%, 52.7%, and 50.2% for breastfed, formula-fed, and mixed-fed infants, respectively). The most commonly cited reasons for early introduction of solid food were as follows: "My baby was old enough," "My baby seemed hungry," "I wanted to feed my baby something in addition to breast milk or formula," "My baby wanted the food I ate," "A doctor or other health care professional said my baby should begin eating solid food," and "It would help my baby sleep longer at night." Four of these reasons varied by milk feeding type.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlight the high prevalence of early introduction of solids and provide details on why mothers introduced solid foods early.
Heather B Clayton; Ruowei Li; Cria G Perrine; Kelley S Scanlon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.     Date:  2013-03-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  131     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-04-02     Completed Date:  2013-05-20     Revised Date:  2014-05-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e1108-14     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Breast Feeding / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Diet / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Diet Surveys
Feeding Methods* / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Infant Care* / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Infant Formula / statistics & numerical data
Logistic Models
Longitudinal Studies
Maternal Behavior / psychology*
Multivariate Analysis
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Prospective Studies
United States
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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