Document Detail


Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Spanish Patients with Schizophrenia and Overweight. The CRESSOB Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24504989     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Introduction: Metabolic syndrome (MS) (visceral obesity, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, and hypertension), has become one of the major public-health challenges worldwide. Patients with schizophrenia are more likely to suffer from MS than the general population. Objective: The primary aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of MS in Spanish patients with schizophrenia and overweight and to compare the best method to calculate the MS prevalence in this population. A secondary aim of the CRESSOB study was to determine whether the presence of the metabolic syndrome (MS) is associated or not with clinical remission of schizophrenia. Methods: The Control of Metabolic and Cardiovascular Risk in Patients with Schizophrenia and Overweight (CRESSOB) study is a 12-month, prospective, naturalistic study including 110 community mental health clinics selected at random. Each site enrolled four consecutive patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, according to DSM-IV TR criteria, and who were overweight (Body Mass Index (BMI) >25 kg/m2). To assess the prevalence of MS we analyzed the baseline results of the CRESSOB study. The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP-ATP III), the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (AHA/NHLBI) definitions were used to establish the presence of MS. The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) was used to determine the percentage of patients in remission. Psychosocial functioning was measured by the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale. Results: A total of 391 patients were enrolled in the study (mean age 40.5 years, 63.8% men). 75.9% of the patients did not meet criteria for remission, using the selected PANSS items. The mean GAF score was 52.7 (Standard Deviation (SD) 15.4). Overall, 59.0% of males and 58.3% of females fulfilled the NCEP-ATP III criteria, 71.1% of males and 65.8% of females fulfilled the IDF criteria and 70.1% of males and 65.1% of females fulfilled the AHA/ NHLBI criteria. The patients who fulfilled remission criteria were younger, had a lower BMI, and a higher GAF score. Conclusions: MS is highly prevalent in Spanish patients with schizophrenia who are overweight. Given that metabolic syndrome is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, these patients should receive appropriate clinical monitoring for this syndrome.
Authors:
Luis Gutiérrez-Rojas; José R Azanza; Miquel Bernardo; Luis Rojo; Francisco Mesa; José M Martínez-Ortega
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2014-01-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Actas españolas de psiquiatría     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1578-2735     ISO Abbreviation:  Actas Esp Psiquiatr     Publication Date:  2014 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-02-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100886502     Medline TA:  Actas Esp Psiquiatr     Country:  Spain    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  9-17     Citation Subset:  IM    
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