Document Detail

Prevalence, correlates, and treatment of lifetime suicidal behavior among adolescents: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23303463     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
CONTEXT: Although suicide is the third leading cause of death among US adolescents, little is known about the prevalence, correlates, or treatment of its immediate precursors, adolescent suicidal behaviors (ie, suicide ideation, plans, and attempts).
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the lifetime prevalence of suicidal behaviors among US adolescents and the associations of retrospectively reported, temporally primary DSM-IV disorders with the subsequent onset of suicidal behaviors.
DESIGN: Dual-frame national sample of adolescents from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement.
SETTING: Face-to-face household interviews with adolescents and questionnaires for parents.
PARTICIPANTS: A total of 6483 adolescents 13 to 18 years of age and their parents.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Lifetime suicide ideation, plans, and attempts.
RESULTS: The estimated lifetime prevalences of suicide ideation, plans, and attempts among the respondents are 12.1%, 4.0%, and 4.1%, respectively. The vast majority of adolescents with these behaviors meet lifetime criteria for at least one DSM-IV mental disorder assessed in the survey. Most temporally primary (based on retrospective age-of-onset reports) fear/anger, distress, disruptive behavior, and substance disorders significantly predict elevated odds of subsequent suicidal behaviors in bivariate models. The most consistently significant associations of these disorders are with suicide ideation, although a number of disorders are also predictors of plans and both planned and unplanned attempts among ideators. Most suicidal adolescents (>80%) receive some form of mental health treatment. In most cases (>55%), treatment starts prior to onset of suicidal behaviors but fails to prevent these behaviors from occurring.
CONCLUSIONS: Suicidal behaviors are common among US adolescents, with rates that approach those of adults. The vast majority of youth with suicidal behaviors have preexisting mental disorders. The disorders most powerfully predicting ideation, though, are different from those most powerfully predicting conditional transitions from ideation to plans and attempts. These differences suggest that distinct prediction and prevention strategies are needed for ideation, plans among ideators, planned attempts, and unplanned attempts.
Matthew K Nock; Jennifer Greif Green; Irving Hwang; Katie A McLaughlin; Nancy A Sampson; Alan M Zaslavsky; Ronald C Kessler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  JAMA psychiatry     Volume:  70     ISSN:  2168-6238     ISO Abbreviation:  JAMA Psychiatry     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-07     Completed Date:  2013-05-02     Revised Date:  2014-01-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101589550     Medline TA:  JAMA Psychiatry     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  300-10     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Adolescent Behavior
African Americans / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Age of Onset
Educational Status
Ethnic Groups / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
European Continental Ancestry Group / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Hispanic Americans / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Mental Disorders / epidemiology*,  therapy
Sex Factors
Suicidal Ideation*
Suicide / statistics & numerical data*
Suicide, Attempted / statistics & numerical data*
United States / epidemiology
Grant Support
K01 MH085710/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; K01 MH092526/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; K01-MH085710/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; K01-MH092526/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 DA016558/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 MH066627/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH069864/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH070884/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH077883/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01-DA016558/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01-MH069864/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01-MH070884/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01-MH077883/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01-MH66627/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R03 TW006481/TW/FIC NIH HHS; R03-TW006481/TW/FIC NIH HHS; R13 MH066849/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R13-MH066849/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; U01 MH060220/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; U01-MH60220/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; U01MH060220-09S1/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
Comment In:
Evid Based Ment Health. 2013 Nov;16(4):106   [PMID:  24104558 ]

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