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Prevalence and correlates of tobacco smoking in sri lanka.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20460291     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: : This study aimed to determine the prevalence and underlying sociodemographic correlates of smoking among Sri Lankans.
METHODS: : A cross-sectional sample (N = 5000, age >18 years) was selected using a multistage random cluster sampling. Data were collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire.
RESULTS: : Response rate was 91% (n = 4532); males 40%; mean age 46.1 years (±15.1). Overall, urban and rural prevalence of current smoking (smoking) was 18.3%, 17.2%, and 18.5%, respectively (P = nonsignificant, urban vs rural). Smoking was much higher in males than in females (38.0% vs 0.1%, P < .0001). Ex-smokers comprised 10.0% (males 20.7%, females 0.1%, P < .0001). Among the smokers 87.0% smoked <10 cigarettes per day. The male age groups < 20 and 20 to 29 years had the lowest (15.6%) and the highest (44.6%) prevalence of smoking, respectively. In males, smoking was highest in the least educated (odds ratio = 1.96, P = .001).
CONCLUSIONS: : Smoking is common among Sri Lankan males and is associated with lower education, income, and middle age.
Authors:
Prasad Katulanda; Kremlin Wickramasinghe; Jayaweera G Mahesh; Amila Rathnapala; Godwin R Constantine; Rezvi Sheriff; David R Matthews; Shyam S D Fernando
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-05-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asia-Pacific journal of public health / Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1941-2479     ISO Abbreviation:  Asia Pac J Public Health     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8708538     Medline TA:  Asia Pac J Public Health     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  861-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
1University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
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