Document Detail

Prevalence of Candida species in hospital-acquired urinary tract infections in a neonatal intensive care unit.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9041599     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and clinical features of Candida species in hospital-acquired urinary tract infections (UTI) in a neonatal intensive care unit. DESIGN: A retrospective study was conducted of hospital-acquired UTI occurring in infants admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit between January 1, 1989, and June 30, 1995. Hospital-acquired infection was defined as one occurring in an infant who was at least 7 days of age and hospitalized since birth. Urinary tract infection was defined by a urine culture yielding a single organism with > 1000 colony-forming units/ml from a suprapubic aspiration or > 10,000 colony-forming units/ml via urethral catheterization. RESULTS: Fifty-seven infants had 60 UTI during the study period. Candida spp. were responsible for 25 of 60 (42%) UTI. The median gestational age of infants with candidal UTI was 26 weeks (range, 23 to 37) which was significantly less than that for infants with bacterial UTI, 28 weeks (range, 23 to 40) (P = 0.04). Candidemia was present in 13 of 25 (52%) candidal UTI which was significantly more often than bacteremia with bacterial UTI, 3 of 35 (8%) (odds ratio, 11.6; 95% confidence interval, 2.8 to 47.8). The median age of infection for candidal UTI was 34 days (range, 9 to 228), which was significantly earlier than for bacterial UTI, 79 days (range, 7 to 247) (P = 0.003). Renal pelvis fungus balls were present in 7 of 20 (35%) infants with candidal UTI who had renal ultrasound studies. CONCLUSIONS: Candida spp. were the pathogens identified in 42% of hospital-acquired urinary tract infections in a neonatal intensive care unit. Candidemia was associated with 52% of candidal UTI and bacteremia with 8% of bacterial UTI. Candidal UTI occurred significantly earlier than bacterial UTI. Renal fungus balls were present in 35% of infants with candidal UTI.
J R Phillips; M G Karlowicz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Pediatric infectious disease journal     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0891-3668     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J.     Publication Date:  1997 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-15     Completed Date:  1997-04-15     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8701858     Medline TA:  Pediatr Infect Dis J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  190-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters, Norfolk 23507, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Bacterial Infections / epidemiology
Candida / classification*,  isolation & purification
Candidiasis / epidemiology*,  microbiology
Cross Infection / epidemiology,  microbiology*
Infant, Newborn
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
Retrospective Studies
Urinary Tract Infections / epidemiology,  microbiology*

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