Document Detail


Prevalence of Campylobacter and Salmonella species on farm, after transport, and at processing in specialty market poultry.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16493957     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The prevalence of Campylobacter and Salmonella spp. was determined from live bird to prepackaged carcass for 3 flocks from each of 6 types of California niche-market poultry. Commodities sampled included squab, quail, guinea fowl, duck, poussin (young chicken), and free-range broiler chickens. Campylobacter on-farm prevalence was lowest for squab, followed by guinea fowl, duck, quail, and free-range chickens. Poussin had the highest prevalence of Campylobacter. No Salmonella was isolated from guinea fowl or quail flocks. A few positive samples were observed in duck and squab, predominately of S. Typhimurium. Free-range and poussin chickens had the highest prevalence of Salmonella. Post-transport prevalence was not significantly higher than on-farm, except in free-range flocks, where a higher prevalence of positive chickens was found after 6 to 8 h holding before processing. In most cases, the prevalence of Campylobacter- and Salmonella-positive birds was lower on the final product than on-farm or during processing. Odds ratio analysis indicated that the risk of a positive final product carcass was not increased by the prevalence of a positive sample at an upstream point in the processing line, or by on-farm prevalence (i.e., none of the common sampling stations among the 6 commodities could be acknowledged as critical control points). This suggests that hazard analysis critical control point plans for Campylobacter and Salmonella control in the niche-market poultry commodities will need to be specifically determined for each species and each processing facility.
Authors:
B A McCrea; K H Tonooka; C VanWorth; C L Boggs; E R Atwill; J S Schrader
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  85     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2006 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-23     Completed Date:  2006-04-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  136-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Poultry Science Department, Auburn University, Alabama 36849-5416, USA. bamccrea@juno.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abattoirs
Agriculture
Animal Husbandry
Animals
California
Campylobacter / classification,  isolation & purification*
Campylobacter Infections / epidemiology,  microbiology,  veterinary*
Columbidae
Ducks
Food Microbiology*
Galliformes
Meat / microbiology
Poultry / microbiology*
Prevalence
Salmonella / classification,  isolation & purification*
Salmonella Infections, Animal / epidemiology*,  microbiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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