Document Detail


Prevalence of Abuse and Violence Before, During, and After Pregnancy in a National Sample of Canadian Women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22897526     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objectives. We describe the prevalence of abuse before, during, and after pregnancy among a national population-based sample of Canadian new mothers. Methods. We estimated prevalence, frequency, and timing of physical and sexual abuse, identified category of perpetrator, and examined the distribution of abuse by social and demographic characteristics in a weighted sample of 76 500 (unweighted sample = 6421) Canadian mothers interviewed postpartum for the Maternity Experiences Survey (2006-2007). Results. Prevalence of any abuse in the 2 years before the interviews was 10.9% (6% before pregnancy only, 1.4% during pregnancy only, 1% postpartum only, and 2.5% in any combination of these times). The prevalence of any abuse was higher among low-income mothers (21.2%), lone mothers (35.3%), and Aboriginal mothers (30.6%). In 52% of the cases, abuse was perpetrated by an intimate partner. Receiving information on what to do was reported by 61% of the abused mothers. Conclusions. Large population-based studies on abuse around pregnancy can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse and women at high risk for abuse. Before and after pregnancy may be particularly important times to monitor risk of abuse. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print August 16, 2012: e1-e9. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2012.300843).
Authors:
Nihaya Daoud; Marcelo L Urquia; Patricia O'Campo; Maureen Heaman; Patricia A Janssen; Janet Smylie; Kellie Thiessen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1541-0048     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Nihaya Daoud is with the Department of Epidemiology and Health Services Evaluation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel. Marcelo L. Urquia, Patricia O'Campo, and Janet Smylie are with the Centre for Research on Inner City Health, the Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Maureen Heaman is with the Faculty of Nursing and Kellie Thiessen is with the Department of Applied Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada. Patricia A. Janssen is with the School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
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