Document Detail


Prevalence of abuse and violence before, during, and after pregnancy in a national sample of Canadian women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22897526     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: We describe the prevalence of abuse before, during, and after pregnancy among a national population-based sample of Canadian new mothers.
METHODS: We estimated prevalence, frequency, and timing of physical and sexual abuse, identified category of perpetrator, and examined the distribution of abuse by social and demographic characteristics in a weighted sample of 76,500 (unweighted sample = 6421) Canadian mothers interviewed postpartum for the Maternity Experiences Survey (2006-2007).
RESULTS: Prevalence of any abuse in the 2 years before the interviews was 10.9% (6% before pregnancy only, 1.4% during pregnancy only, 1% postpartum only, and 2.5% in any combination of these times). The prevalence of any abuse was higher among low-income mothers (21.2%), lone mothers (35.3%), and Aboriginal mothers (30.6%). In 52% of the cases, abuse was perpetrated by an intimate partner. Receiving information on what to do was reported by 61% of the abused mothers.
CONCLUSIONS: Large population-based studies on abuse around pregnancy can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse and women at high risk for abuse. Before and after pregnancy may be particularly important times to monitor risk of abuse.
Authors:
Nihaya Daoud; Marcelo L Urquia; Patricia O'Campo; Maureen Heaman; Patricia A Janssen; Janet Smylie; Kellie Thiessen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-08-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  102     ISSN:  1541-0048     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-13     Completed Date:  2012-11-19     Revised Date:  2014-10-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1893-901     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Battered Women / statistics & numerical data
Canada
Demography
Domestic Violence / trends*
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Postpartum Period
Pregnancy
Pregnant Women*
Qualitative Research
Sex Offenses / trends*
Young Adult
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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