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Preterm infants fed nutrient-enriched formula until six months show improved growth and development.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21342352     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of feeding nutrient-enriched preterm formula to preterm infants until 6 months' corrected age (CA) on growth and development in the first 18 months of life. Methods: Very low-birth-weight preterm infants were fed preterm formula until term (40 weeks CA). Then, infants were assigned to one of three groups and were fed term formula until 6 months' CA (group 1, n = 29), preterm formula to 3 months' CA and, then, term formula to 6 months' CA (group 2, n = 30), or preterm formula until 6 months' CA (group 3, n = 31). Anthropometry was performed at term, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 months' CA. Mental and psychomotor development were assessed using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development II at 18 months' CA. Results: Although body weight, length, head circumference and the z score for the corrected age at term in group 3 were significantly lower than those of groups 1 and 2, growth rates of these parameters were significantly higher in group 3 up to 18 months CA', as compared to groups 1 and 2. The mental developmental index and psychomotor developmental index of the Bayley test were not significantly different between the three groups. Conclusions: In summary, very low-birth-weight preterm infants fed nutrient-enriched preterm formula until 6 months' CA demonstrated significantly improved growth rates of body weight, length and head circumference, and comparable mental and psychomotor development throughout the first 18 months of life.
Ga Won Jeon; Yu Jin Jung; Sun Young Koh; Yeon Kyung Lee; Kyung Ah Kim; Son Moon Shin; Sung Shin Kim; Jae Won Shim; Yun Sil Chang; Won Soon Park
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics international : official journal of the Japan Pediatric Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1442-200X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100886002     Medline TA:  Pediatr Int     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. Pediatrics International © 2011 Japan Pediatric Society.
Department of Pediatrics, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea; Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; Department of Pediatrics, Cheil General Hospital, Kwandong University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; Department of Pediatrics, Bucheon Hospital, Soonchunhyang University, College of Medicine, Bucheon, Korea; Department of Pediatrics, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
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