Document Detail

Preterm infant thermal care: differing thermal environments produced by air versus skin servo-control incubators.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10685236     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Incubator thermal environments produced by skin versus air servo-control were compared. STUDY DESIGN: Infant abdominal skin and incubator air temperatures were recorded from 18 infants in skin servo-control and 14 infants in air servo-control (26- to 29-week gestational age, 14 +/- 2 days postnatal age) for 24 hours. Differences in incubator and infant temperature, neutral thermal environment (NTE) maintenance, and infant and incubator circadian rhythm were examined using analysis of variance and scatterplots. RESULTS: Skin servo-control resulted in more variable air temperature, yet more stable infant temperature, and more time within the NTE. Circadian rhythm of both infant and incubator temperature differed by control mode and the relationship between incubator and infant temperature rhythms was a function of control mode. CONCLUSION: The differences between incubator control modes extend beyond temperature stability and maintenance of NTE. Circadian rhythm of incubator and infant temperatures is influenced by incubator control.
K A Thomas; R Burr
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0743-8346     ISO Abbreviation:  J Perinatol     Publication Date:  1999 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-03-13     Completed Date:  2000-03-13     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8501884     Medline TA:  J Perinatol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  264-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Family and Child Nursing, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Body Temperature Regulation*
Circadian Rhythm
Equipment Design
Incubators, Infant*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / physiology*
Least-Squares Analysis
Skin Physiological Phenomena
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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