Document Detail

Preterm birth and respiratory disease in later life.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20923339     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Chronic respiratory diseases are a common complication of preterm birth, particularly among very immature infants or those suffering from bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Major progress in the treatment of preterm newborns has changed the pattern of late respiratory complications. The major respiratory problem in infancy and early childhood is respiratory exacerbations caused by infections (particularly viral ones), which need hospitalization. The symptoms become mild in school-age children; however, a group of children still present with chronic airway obstruction defined by recurrent episodes of wheezing and decreased lung function tests (decreased forced expiratory volume). For some preterm infants, particularly those with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, obstructive lung disease persists into adulthood. They are very likely to develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or similar disease later in life. In these patients, a program of lung function monitoring and pulmonary prophylaxis by means of elimination of specific risk factors in adulthood is advisable.
Przemko Kwinta; Jacek Józef Pietrzyk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Expert review of respiratory medicine     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1747-6356     ISO Abbreviation:  Expert Rev Respir Med     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-06     Completed Date:  2011-01-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101278196     Medline TA:  Expert Rev Respir Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  593-604     Citation Subset:  IM    
Jagiellonian University, 30-663 Cracow, Poland.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia / diagnosis,  etiology*,  physiopathology,  therapy
Child, Preschool
Infant, Newborn
Lung / growth & development,  physiopathology*
Premature Birth*
Respiratory Function Tests
Respiratory Tract Diseases / diagnosis,  etiology*,  physiopathology,  therapy
Risk Factors
Young Adult

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