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Presynchronization using a modified Ovsynch protocol or a single GnRH injection 7 d before an Ovsynch-56 protocol for submission of lactating dairy cows for first timed artificial insemination.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25087033     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Presynchronization strategies, such as Presynch-Ovsynch and Double-Ovsynch, increase fertility to timed artificial insemination (TAI) compared with Ovsynch alone; however, simpler presynchronization strategies could reduce costs and simplify reproductive management. Lactating Holstein cows (n = 601) were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 presynchronization treatments before beginning an Ovsynch-56 protocol (GnRH at 70 ± 3 DIM, PGF2α 7 d later, GnRH 56 h after PGF2α, and TAI 16 h later at 80 ± 3 DIM) for first TAI. Cows (n = 306) in the first treatment (Double-Ovsynch; DO) were presynchronized using a modified Ovsynch protocol (GnRH at 53 ± 3 DIM, 7 d later PGF2α, and GnRH 3 d later) ending 7 d before the first GnRH injection (G1) of an Ovsynch-56 protocol. Cows (n = 295) in the second treatment (GGPG) were presynchronized using a single injection of GnRH 7 d before G1 of an Ovsynch-56 protocol at 63 ± 3 DIM. Blood samples were collected at G1 and the PGF2α injections of the Ovsynch-56 protocol to determine progesterone (P4) concentrations. Pregnancy diagnosis was performed using ultrasonography 32 d after TAI, and pregnant cows were reexamined 46 and 70 d after TAI. Overall, DO cows had more pregnancies per artificial insemination (P/AI) compared with GGPG cows 32 d after TAI (53 vs. 43%). Overall, P/AI did not differ by parity (primiparous vs. multiparous), and pregnancy loss did not differ between treatments or parities. More DO cows had P4 in a medium range (>0.5 to <4 ng/mL) at G1 of the Ovsynch-56 protocol compared with GGPG cows (82 vs. 50%), and more DO cows had high P4 (>4 ng/mL) at the PGF2α injection of the Ovsynch-56 protocol compared with GGPG cows (67 vs. 36%). Thus, presynchronization with a modified Ovsynch protocol increased P/AI after TAI at first AI by increasing synchrony to the Ovsynch-56 protocol compared with presynchronization using a single injection of GnRH.
Authors:
P D Carvalho; J N Guenther; M J Fuenzalida; M C Amundson; M C Wiltbank; P M Fricke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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