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Pressure ulcers in Jordan: A point prevalence study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20880710     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are a common problem among hospitalised patients. Several prevalence studies have been conducted internationally but there is a paucity of research on pressure ulcer in the Arab world in general and in Jordan specifically.
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to quantify the prevalence rate of pressure ulcers in Jordan, and to compare these figures with other studies conducted using the same methods.
DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey design.
PARTICIPANTS: All inpatients older than eighteen in both university and general hospitals in Jordan. Patients in the emergency, day care and maternity wards were excluded.
INSTRUMENTS: European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (EUPAP) data collection form.
METHODS: The survey was conducted by examining patients' skin. Pressure ulcers were classified according to the EPUAP grading system. Risk of pressure ulcer development was assessed using the Braden scale. Data were collected on preventive measures recorded in the clinical setting.
RESULTS: The overall prevalence rate was 12% (All percentages are rounded to the nearest digit) (7% when Grade I excluded). The sacrum and heel were the most common affected sites. Grade one was the most common grade (44%). Only 17% of the patients at risk received adequate prevention.
CONCLUSION: The pressure ulcer prevalence rate in Jordan is lower than that published in most studies utilising the same methodology. Despite this relatively low prevalence very few patients at risk received adequate prevention, and there is therefore a need to raise the awareness for pressure ulcer prevention in Jordan. Furthermore, differences in age and frailty in the Jordanian sample could explain the low prevalence.
Ahmad Tubaishat; Denis Anthony; Mohammad Saleh
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of tissue viability     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0965-206X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Tissue Viability     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9306822     Medline TA:  J Tissue Viability     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  14-9     Citation Subset:  N    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Tissue Viability Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
School of Nursing, Al albayt University, Mafraq, Jordan.
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