Document Detail

Pressure-reduction and preservation in custom-made footwear of patients with diabetes and a history of plantar ulceration.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22540919     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Aims  To assess the value of using in-shoe plantar pressure analysis to improve and preserve the offloading properties of custom-made footwear in patients with diabetes. Methods  Dynamic in-shoe plantar pressures were measured in new custom-made footwear of 117 patients with diabetes, neuropathy and a healed plantar foot ulcer. In 85 of these patients, high peak pressure locations (peak pressure > 200 kPa) were targeted for pressure reduction (goal: > 25% relief or below an absolute level of 200 kPa) by modifying the footwear. After each of a maximum three rounds of modifications pressures were measured. In a subgroup of 32 patients, pressures were measured and, if needed, footwear was modified at 3-monthly visits for 1 year. Pressures were compared with those measured in 32 control patients who had no footwear modifications based on pressure analysis. Results  At the previous ulcer location and the highest and second highest pressure locations, peak pressures were significantly reduced by 23%, 21% and 15%, respectively, after modification of footwear. These lowered pressures were maintained or further reduced over time and were significantly lower, by 24-28%, compared with pressures in the control group. Conclusion  The offloading capacity of custom-made footwear for high-risk patients can be effectively improved and preserved using in-shoe plantar pressure analysis as guidance tool for footwear modification. This provides a useful approach to obtain better offloading footwear that may reduce the risk for pressure-related diabetic foot ulcers. © 2012 The Authors. Diabetic Medicine © 2012 Diabetes UK.
R Waaijman; M L J Arts; R Haspels; T E Busch-Westbroek; F Nollet; S A Bus
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Diabetic medicine : a journal of the British Diabetic Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1464-5491     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8500858     Medline TA:  Diabet Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Diabetic Medicine © 2012 Diabetes UK.
Department of Rehabilitation, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam Department of Surgery, Ziekenhuisgroep Twente, Almelo, the Netherlands.
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