Document Detail


Pressor effects from daily events and laboratory complex stimuli relating personality factors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3677498     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Our preliminary research has attempted to establish a series of methods to study the complex interactions occurring between pressor reactivity and personality profile. Ten untreated mild hypertensives (age 42.9 +/- 8) without damaged target organs were recruited from an outpatient hypertension center along with an equal number of normotensive volunteers (age 38.2 +/- 8.1). We performed a sequence of stressor types under laboratory conditions (sensory perceptual activities, psychomotor responses, and cognitive behavior) following an order ranging from inferior levels to superior levels of systemic integration. The subjects also underwent a 24-h automatic noninvasive blood pressure recording which took into account the situational reactivity. They filled in MMPI and STAI questionnaires before and after the stressor batteries. Only the sensory-perceptual test (Stroop color test modified), the arithmetic test, and the psychomotor test provoked a significant increase in blood pressure and, in the latter test, also a significant increase of the heart rate. The test batteries' mean differences were not significant between the two groups. Similarly, the answers to the trait-anxiety questionnaires did not allow us to make a substantial division between normotensive and hypertensive subjects. On the contrary, the situational anxiety questionnaires showed a significant difference in the score reading preceding and following a task performed by the hypertensive subjects. We observed significant differences for both systolic and diastolic 24-h blood pressure data in transition from a working situation to the sleeping period. However, there was not a significant difference in hypertensive blood pressure readings recorded during work and at home.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
G Germanó; A Ferrucci; S Strano; G Molle; M G Napoleoni; V Pecchioli; U Germanó; A Pistone
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical cardiology     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0160-9289     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Cardiol     Publication Date:  1987 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-01-14     Completed Date:  1988-01-14     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7903272     Medline TA:  Clin Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  659-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Fisiopatologia Medica, Metodologia Clinica, Universitá La Sapienze, Rome, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Activities of Daily Living
Adult
Blood Pressure*
Humans
Hypertension / psychology
Middle Aged
Personality*
Psychological Tests
Stress, Psychological / physiopathology

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