Document Detail

Preservative-free diclofenac sodium 0.1% for vernal keratoconjunctivitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12644942     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of prolonged treatment with preservative-free diclofenac sodium 0.1% eye drops in patients with vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC). METHODS: A prospective open study was performed in 22 patients with VKC treated with preservative-free diclofenac sodium 0.1% eye drops. Patients used the eye drops four times daily in both eyes for 120 days. Signs (papillae, hyperaemia and corneal lesions) and symptoms (itching, redness and photophobia) of the ocular surface were graded and statistically evaluated before and after treatment by a non-parametric test (Mann-Whitney U-test). RESULTS: Forty per cent of the patients showed an improvement in their symptoms at the end of the treatment. Total signs and symptoms scores were significantly decreased at the end of treatment compared with the baseline values (from 6.13+/-1.45 to 0.81+/-0.90 and from 5.40+/-1.18 to 2.63+/-0.95, respectively; P<0.001). Significant decreases in conjunctival redness (P<0.001), itching (P<0.001) and photophobia (P<0.001 ) were observed at the end of treatment. Conjunctival hyperaemia was significantly reduced (P<0.001) at the end of treatment, while no significant differences were observed for corneal lesions and for papillary size. No patient showed exacerbation of the disease during the treatment. CONCLUSION: VKC is a chronic disease that requires prolonged treatment to control the inflammatory process. Our preliminary study demonstrates the efficacy and safety of preservative-free diclofenac sodium 0.1% eye drops in controlling the signs and symptoms of VKC in prolonged treatment.
Gennaro D'Angelo; Alessandro Lambiase; Magdalena Cortes; Roberto Sgrulletta; Roberta Pasqualetti; Ambra Lamagna; Stefano Bonini
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article     Date:  2003-02-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Graefe's archive for clinical and experimental ophthalmology = Albrecht von Graefes Archiv für klinische und experimentelle Ophthalmologie     Volume:  241     ISSN:  0721-832X     ISO Abbreviation:  Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol.     Publication Date:  2003 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-03-19     Completed Date:  2003-07-01     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8205248     Medline TA:  Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  192-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via Moscati 31, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use*
Child, Preschool
Conjunctivitis, Allergic / drug therapy*
Diclofenac / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use*
Drug Evaluation
Ophthalmic Solutions
Preservatives, Pharmaceutical
Prospective Studies
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; 0/Ophthalmic Solutions; 0/Preservatives, Pharmaceutical; 15307-86-5/Diclofenac

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