Document Detail

Preservation of the fistula for reconstruction of the anal canal and the anus in atresia ani and rectovestibular fistula in 2 dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15860106     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To report a technique for correction of atresia ani and rectovestibular fistula with fistula preservation, and outcome in 2 dogs.
STUDY DESIGN: Case report.
ANIMALS: Two intact female puppies.
METHODS: The fistula was approached by episiotomy. A vertical median perineal incision was made starting dorsal to the anal region and extended to surround the fistula. The rectum and vagina were separated, and the end of the fistula was sutured to the skin.
RESULTS: Early postoperative complications included constipation, fecal incontinence, and perineal soiling, but long-term outcome was good in both dogs.
CONCLUSION: With careful dissection, the fistula and internal anal sphincter can be preserved and used in the surgical reconstruction of the anal canal and anus.
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Preservation of the fistula may provide an internal sphincter that contributes to a better functional result during correction of atresia ani. A surgical approach that combines episiotomy and perineal incision for separation of the vagina and rectum, and preserves the fistula may decrease the risk of dehiscence.
Stephan Mahler; Gillian Williams
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary surgery : VS     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0161-3499     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet Surg     Publication Date:    2005 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-04-29     Completed Date:  2005-08-09     Revised Date:  2011-04-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8113214     Medline TA:  Vet Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  148-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of the West Indies, Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies.
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MeSH Terms
Anus, Imperforate / surgery,  veterinary*
Dog Diseases / surgery*
Episiotomy / methods,  veterinary
Fecal Incontinence / epidemiology,  veterinary
Perineum / surgery*
Postoperative Complications / epidemiology,  veterinary
Rectovaginal Fistula / surgery,  veterinary*
Rectum / surgery
Treatment Outcome
Vagina / surgery

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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