Document Detail

Presentation and severity of rheumatoid arthritis at diagnosis in Senegal.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19581382     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Early effective treatment slows structural damage in RA but requires an early diagnosis. Our objective was to determine symptoms duration and presentation patterns of RA at diagnosis in Senegal. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study over a 2-year period (from March 2006 to February 2008) at the rheumatology clinic of the Le Dantec teaching hospital in Dakar, Senegal. Consecutive new patients who met ACR criteria for RA were included. RESULTS: We included 100 patients, 88 females and 12 males, with a mean age of 40.3 +/- 15.5 years and a mean symptoms duration of 54 months. One-fourth of the patients had a positive family history. Pain was the main reason for the rheumatology clinic visit. Mean pain score was 64.3 mm on a 100-mm visual analogue scale. Nocturnal arousals were reported by 69% of the patients and morning stiffness for >1 h by 74%. The tender and swollen joint counts were 10 or higher in 87% and 36% of the patients, respectively, and the mean disease activity score on 28 joints (DAS28) was 6.49 +/- 1.34. Sicca syndrome (n = 13) and rheumatoid nodules (n = 3) were the main extra-articular manifestations. Laboratory evidence of inflammation was found in 87% and RF in 78% of the patients. Antibodies to cyclic citrullinated peptides (anti-CCPs) were detected in 26 of the 29 patients. Radiographical lesions were visible in 56% of the patients; mean modified Sharp score was 21.76 +/- 47.74. CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of RA is delayed in Senegal, and the disease is highly active at diagnosis, although 44 patients have no erosions, and extra-articular manifestations are rare.
Souhaïbou Ndongo; Fernando K Lekpa; Mamadou M Ka; Nafi Ndiaye; Thérèse M Diop
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-07-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Rheumatology (Oxford, England)     Volume:  48     ISSN:  1462-0332     ISO Abbreviation:  Rheumatology (Oxford)     Publication Date:  2009 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-08-18     Completed Date:  2009-10-09     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883501     Medline TA:  Rheumatology (Oxford)     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1111-3     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Internal Medicine, Aristide Le Dantec Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Analgesics / therapeutic use
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / therapeutic use
Arthritis, Rheumatoid / diagnosis*,  drug therapy,  radiography
Cross-Sectional Studies
Developing Countries
Early Diagnosis
Glucocorticoids / therapeutic use
Hand Joints / radiography
Middle Aged
Pain Measurement
Severity of Illness Index
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Analgesics; 0/Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; 0/Glucocorticoids

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