Document Detail


Preparatory information and anxiety before sigmoidoscopy: a comparative study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1623029     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study compared selected types of information given before sigmoidoscopy to determine if one intervention was superior to the other in decreasing anxiety. The design was two-group, pre- and posttest quasi-experimental. Anxiety was measured by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and heart rate monitoring. Preparatory information consisted of 3 to 5 min audiotaped messages. Subjects in a convenience sample of 22 men were randomly assigned to one of two information conditions, procedure (control) or procedure plus sensation (experimental). t tests and analysis of variance were used to analyze the data. Data analysis revealed no significant difference (p = .05) in anxiety between groups postintervention. There were no significant changes in heart rate between groups by time or within groups over time. Subjective comments on postsigmoidoscopy questions were strongly positive regarding the benefits of both types of preparatory information.
Authors:
J W Fullhart
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gastroenterology nursing : the official journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1042-895X     ISO Abbreviation:  Gastroenterol Nurs     Publication Date:  1992 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-08-13     Completed Date:  1992-08-13     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8915377     Medline TA:  Gastroenterol Nurs     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  286-90     Citation Subset:  N    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Analysis of Variance
Anxiety / prevention & control*
Clinical Nursing Research
Heart Rate
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Patient Education as Topic / methods*
Psychological Tests
Reproducibility of Results
Sigmoidoscopy / psychology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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