Document Detail


Preparation of medicines for children-a hierarchy of classification.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22677416     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
There is some confusion about the types of paediatric pharmaceutical preparation (in a regulatory and pharmaceutical development context) that are acceptable for approval by medicines regulators. Some of the confusion relates to terminology which may mean different things to different stakeholders. It may not always be possible to provide authorised, commercially manufactured, age appropriate, ready-to-administer preparations. In terms of assurance of quality and bioavailability there is a continuum from this ideal through intermediate products through authorised compounding and manipulation of commercial dosage forms to ad hoc compounding using only the skills and experience of the individual pharmacist. Additionally, it is widely known that caregivers may manipulate medicines at home, for example by segmenting tablets and by addition to foods or liquids. The first intent of the manufacturer should be to provide for children an age appropriate, ready-to-administer preparation which is commercially manufactured and approved by the competent authorities. However, there will still be a place for providing other age appropriate preparations such as approved products that are 'intermediates' requiring reconstitution before use, or instructions for compounding or manipulation of a dosage form. If compounding or manipulation is likely to be required it is preferable that data are generated by Industry, approved by the competent authorities and provided in the Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC). It is acknowledged however, that ad hoc compounding or manipulation may also take place in certain circumstances such as logistical difficulties or to satisfy the needs of the child who does not find the authorised product to be 'age appropriate'. This paper explores compounding and manipulation of medicines in relation to approval by medicines regulators and non-approved preparation to fulfil the needs of the individual patient. Definitions are proposed to provide a hierarchical classification based on assurances of quality and bioavailability.
Authors:
Terry Ernest; Jo Craig; Anthony Nunn; Smita Salunke; Catherine Tuleu; Joerg Breitkreutz; Rainer Alex; John Hempenstall
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of pharmaceutics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-3476     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7804127     Medline TA:  Int J Pharm     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Affiliation:
GlaxoSmithKline, New Frontiers Science Park, Third Avenue, Harlow, Essex CM19 5AW.
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