Document Detail


Preparation and <i>in Vivo</i> Evaluation of Liposomal Everolimus for Lung Carcinoma and Thyroid Carcinoma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22687542     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Everolimus has demonstrated antitumor efficacy for various cancers as a result of its inhibition of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling cascade, which activates cell growth and cell proliferation. However, the low water solubility and low bioavailability of everolimus have prevented its clinical development as an anticancer drug. Therefore, to address the unsuitable characteristic of everolimus, we attempted to prepare liposomal everolimus as a viable drug delivery system, and then evaluated the anticancer efficacy of this system against a medullary thyroid carcinoma cell line (TT cells), a breast cancer cell line (MCF-7 cells) and a small lung carcinoma cell line (NCI-H446 cells). The particle size and entrapment efficacy of liposomal everolimus was ca. 80 nm and more than 90%, respectively. Liposomal everolimus showed higher cytotoxicity against NCI-H446 cells compared with TT cells. Against NCI-H446 tumors, significant suppression of the tumor volume was observed in liposomal everolimus-treated mice by intravenous injection, compared with free everolimus-treated mice by intraperitoneal injection, at a dose of 5 mg/kg without body weight loss. This study showed that liposomal everolimus could be a powerful formulation with anticancer efficacy for some cancers.
Authors:
Yuko Iwase; Yoshie Maitani
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1347-5215     ISO Abbreviation:  Biol. Pharm. Bull.     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-06-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9311984     Medline TA:  Biol Pharm Bull     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  975-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Medicinal Chemistry, Hoshi University.
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