Document Detail

Preoperative evaluation of living kidney donors using multirow detector computed tomography: comparison with digital subtraction angiography and intraoperative findings.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16162099     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To assess the accuracy of multirow detector computed tomography (MDCT) for the evaluation of renal anatomy for preoperative donor assessment in living related kidney transplantation. MDCT-scans (4- and 16-slice-CT) of 51 consecutive living kidney donors (age, 51.6 +/- 9.7 years; range, 28-68 years) were analysed by three blinded observers and compared with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and surgery. Contrast-enhanced MDCT was performed with 1 mm slice thickness reconstruction interval during arterial and venous phases. Supernumerary renal arteries, veins, early branching of vessels and abnormalities of the ureters were documented. The overall accuracy of computed tomography angiography (CTA) for detection and classification of surgically relevant arterial variants was 97% (99/102). The interpretation of 16-channel MDCT images was correct in all cases (accuracy, 100%), while the four-channel CTA had three incorrect results regarding the differentiation of early branching vessels from double renal arteries (accuracy, 93%). The overall accuracy of DSA was 91%. Renal vein abnormalities were correctly diagnosed with MDCT in 100% compared with 89% correct findings with DSA. There were three kidneys with incomplete ureter duplication, detected both with MDCT and DSA. MDCT demonstrated superior accuracy compared with non-selective DSA for the preoperative assessment of renal anatomy in living kidney donors; and for the distinction of supernumerary arteries versus early branching patterns, 16-channel CTA data were better than those of the four-channel system.
Enrique Lopez Hänninen; Timm Denecke; Lars Stelter; Maciej Pech; Petr Podrabsky; Johann Pratschke; Jens Ricke; Ralf Schindler; Peter Neuhaus; Ronald Felix; Stefan G Tullius; Stefen G Tullius
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Transplant international : official journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0934-0874     ISO Abbreviation:  Transpl. Int.     Publication Date:  2005 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-15     Completed Date:  2005-11-23     Revised Date:  2005-12-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8908516     Medline TA:  Transpl Int     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1134-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Radiology, Charité Medical University Center, Campus Virchow Clinic, Augustenburger Platz 1, D-13353 Berlin, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Angiography, Digital Subtraction / methods*
Contrast Media
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
Kidney / pathology
Kidney Transplantation / methods*
Living Donors*
Middle Aged
Renal Artery / pathology
Renal Veins / pathology
Sensitivity and Specificity
Tissue Donors
Tissue and Organ Harvesting / methods
Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Contrast Media
Erratum In:
Transpl Int. 2005 Dec;18(12):1390
Note: Tullius, Stefen G [corrected to Tullius, Stefan G]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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