Document Detail


Preoperative assessment of patients for lung cancer surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22498735     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this work was to present and analyze the latest published documents about the functional evaluation of patients undergoing lung resection and review articles from the past two years addressing the same topic. RECENT FINDINGS: In 2009 and 2010, two important task forces, appointed by international scientific societies, have published documents to guide the preoperative evaluation and risk stratification of lung resection candidates. In both documents, cardiac evaluation is prioritized. Detailed cardiologic guidelines have been proposed. After this first step, functional assessment should include a spirometric assessment, asystematic measurement of carbon monoxide diffusion capacity and a cardiopulmonary exercise test evaluation. Differences in the relative importance of these tests in the two guidelines were discussed. Most recent evidences focused on the role of cardiopulmonary exercise test and the use of several direct and indirect ergometric parameters that may refine risk assessment. SUMMARY: The use of evidence-based clinical guidelines on preoperative evaluation is recommendable. Nevertheless, scientific evidence is still suboptimal in this field. Aggregate analyses on larger series are needed to improve risk stratification.
Authors:
Michele Salati; Alessandro Brunelli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in pulmonary medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1531-6971     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503765     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Pulm Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
aSection of Minimally Invasive Thoracic Surgery, Division of Thoracic Surgery bDivision of Thoracic Surgery, Ospedale Riuniti, Ancona, Italy.
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