Document Detail


Preoperative Renal Dysfunction and Clinical Outcomes of Cardiac Surgery in Octogenarians.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23388160     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The proportion of elderly individuals is growing and the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among elderly people undergoing cardiac surgery is increasing constantly. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of different degrees of preoperative renal dysfunction on postoperative outcomes in patients older than 80years of age. METHODS: This is an observational study that included adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery in which data were collected prospectively. Patients were divided into groups according to their preoperative plasma creatinine and eGFR levels. RESULTS: From February 1997 to January 2010, 318 octogenarians underwent cardiac surgery. Of these, 140 patients (44%) had abnormal preoperative creatinine levels. A significantly higher incidence of postoperative sepsis (4% vs. 17%, p 0.03), CVA (1% vs. 6%, p 0.03), and prolonged hospital stay (16±13 vs. 20±16days, p 0.04) were detected in patients with preoperative kidney dysfunction. Subgroup analysis revealed that preoperative CKD stage IV (eGFR 15-30ml /min /1.73m(2)) but not CKD stage III (eGFR 30 -60ml /min /1.73m(2)) and preoperative creatinine >1.8mg/dl were independently associated with increased incidence of postoperative CVA (OR 4; 95% CI 0.07-0. 8, p=0.05 for eGFR, and OR 7.8; 95% CI 1.2-60, p=0.003 for creatinine). However, no significant increment in postoperative mortality with decreasing eGFR or increasing preoperative creatinine was demonstrated. CONCLUSIONS: A substantial increase in the risk of postoperative CVA and sepsis, but not mortality, was demonstrated in octogenarians with advanced but not mild degrees of preoperative CKD. Compared to younger patients, a high burden of comorbidities in octogenarians may have a greater influence on outcomes post cardiac surgery than impaired renal function. Our data may provide a rationale for modified risk stratification in octogenarian candidates for cardiac surgery.
Authors:
Linda Shavit; Meyer Lifschitz; Itzchak Slotki; Avraham Oren; Rachel Tauber; Daniel Bitran; Daniel Fink
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental gerontology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-6815     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp. Gerontol.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0047061     Medline TA:  Exp Gerontol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
Adult Nephrology Unit, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel. Electronic address: lshavit@szmc.org.il.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Impact of iron-fortified foods on Hb concentration in children (<10 years): a systematic review and ...
Next Document:  Role of antiviral therapy in the management of hepatocellular carcinoma.