Document Detail

Prenatal stress during the 1999 bombing associated with lower birth weight-a study of 3,815 births from Belgrade.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19649574     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
During the 3-month bombing of Serbia (March 24-June 9, 1999), the entire population, including pregnant females as an especially vulnerable group, was exposed to a high degree of stress. This is the first study to explore the effects of prenatal stress during the 1999 bombing of Belgrade on the main obstetric characteristics of newborns. The design of the study was retrospective cross-sectional. The total number of birth records in the sample was 3,815, namely, 1,198 from the group exposed to prenatal stress and 1,251 and 1,366 from the respective control periods, years 1996 and 2003, when no stressful events affected the city. We found that exposed mothers gave birth to infants with statistically significantly lower birth weight (BW; mean difference = 86 g, 95% confidence interval = 67 to 104; F ((1, 3,349)) = 80.8, p < 0.001, eta (p) (2) = 0.024), when controlling for confounding effects of body length and head circumference. There was no specific relation between the trimester of stress exposure and BW in infants born in 1999. Neither increased frequency of preterm deliveries nor more complications of pregnancy and delivery were found in the given sample. Possible consequences of lower BW on psychosocial and somatic functioning should be evaluated through the lifetime.
Nadja P Maric; Bojana Dunjic; Dragan J Stojiljkovic; Dubravka Britvic; Miroslava Jasovic-Gasic
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-08-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of women's mental health     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1435-1102     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Womens Ment Health     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-03     Completed Date:  2010-03-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815663     Medline TA:  Arch Womens Ment Health     Country:  Austria    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  83-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Psychiatry, Clinical Center of Serbia, Pasterova 2, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia.
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MeSH Terms
Cross-Sectional Studies
Explosions / statistics & numerical data*
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Life Change Events*
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Serbia / epidemiology
Stress, Psychological / epidemiology*,  psychology*
Young Adult

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