Document Detail


Prenatal cocaine exposure and infant performance on the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14677782     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Drug-exposed infants did not differ from nonexposed infants on Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (NBAS) clusters or on birth characteristics. Infants (n = 137) born to three groups of low-income mothers--cocaine and poly-drug-using mothers in a drug user treatment group (n = 76) and in a treatment rejecter group (n = 18), and to a nonuser group (n = 43)--were examined at 2 days and 2-4 weeks. The motor cluster improved and regulation of state worsened from time 1 to 2. There were no interactions of group by time. Regression analyses were conducted to see whether group differences might either emerge or disappear after removing effects of competing variables, but they did not. Power analysis showed that sample size was sufficient to have detected group differences.
Authors:
Barbara J Myers; Kathryn S Dawson; Gena C Britt; Diane E Lodder; Linda D Meloy; Martha K Saunders; Stephanie L Meadows; R K Elswick
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Substance use & misuse     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1082-6084     ISO Abbreviation:  Subst Use Misuse     Publication Date:  2003 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-12-17     Completed Date:  2004-03-18     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9602153     Medline TA:  Subst Use Misuse     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2065-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23284-2018, USA. bmyers@vcu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Apgar Score
Cocaine / adverse effects*
Cocaine-Related Disorders / ethnology,  psychology,  therapy
Female
Habituation, Psychophysiologic
Hospitals, Teaching
Humans
Infant Behavior / drug effects*
Infant, Newborn / physiology,  psychology*
Maternal-Fetal Exchange*
Pregnancy
Pregnant Women / psychology
Psychological Tests
Regression Analysis
Research Design
Smoking / psychology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DA-06094/DA/NIDA NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-36-2/Cocaine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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