Document Detail


Prenatal cocaine exposure and infant cognition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19079636     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The present study examined the relationship of prenatal cocaine exposure to infant information processing in the first year of life.In a prospective, longitudinal study of 177 cocaine-exposed and 175 non-exposed infants, the Fagan Test of Infant Intelligence (FTII) was used to measure attention, visual recognition memory and information processing speed at 6.5 and 12 months of age. Groups were compared over time using mixed linear model analyses.Prenatal cocaine exposure predicted poorer visual recognition memory at 12 months, with exposed infants obtaining lower mean scores and a higher percentage of scores in the risk range. Across exposure groups, information processing speed increased with age, demonstrating a developmental effect. Tobacco and marijuana exposures were related to faster looking times, which did not relate to visual recognition memory.Cognitive deficits and attentional problems noted in prior studies of cocaine-exposed children at later ages may be detectable in infancy.
Authors:
Lynn T Singer; Laurie J Eisengart; Sonia Minnes; Julia Noland; Arthur Jey; Courtney Lane; Meeyoung O Min
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Infant behavior & development     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1934-8800     ISO Abbreviation:  Infant Behav Dev     Publication Date:  2005 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-3-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806016     Medline TA:  Infant Behav Dev     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  431-444     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University, The Triangle Building, 11400 Euclid Avenue, Suite 250-A, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 DA007957-12//NIDA NIH HHS

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