Document Detail

Prenatal and childhood growth and leisure time physical activity in adult life.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21126983     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Physical activity plays an important role in prevention of chronic diseases. Animal studies have suggested that lifestyle and exercise habits may have a prenatal origin. Our aim was to assess the role of early growth on leisure time physical activity (LTPA) in later life among 57-70-years-old men and women.
METHODS: We examined 2003 individuals born in Helsinki, Finland between 1934 and 1944. Of them, 1967 individuals with adequate information on their LTPA in adult life were included in this study. LTPA was assessed by a validated exercise questionnaire (KIHD Study 12 month physical activity history). Subjects' birth and serial growth measurements were obtained from birth, child welfare and school health records.
RESULTS: Participants with higher engagement in LTPA showed a more favourable adult anthropometric and body composition profile than those who were less active. LTPA was positively associated with adult social class. Higher weight and length at birth, and weight at 2 years after adult BMI adjustment, predicted higher intensity of total LTPA (P = 0.04, P = 0.01 and P = 0.03), respectively. Higher height at 2, 7 and 11 years predicted higher intensity of conditioning LTPA (P = 0.01, P = 0.04 and P = 0.004). Higher weight and height at 2, 7 and 11 years predicted higher energy expenditure (EE) of total LTPA (P-values being from 0.01 to 0.03). Furthermore, higher height at 2 and 11 years predicted higher EE of conditioning LTPA (P = 0.02 and P = 0.03).
CONCLUSION: People who as children were taller and weighed more engage more in leisure time physical activity in late adulthood.
Minna K Salonen; Eero Kajantie; Clive Osmond; Tom Forsén; Hilkka Ylihärsilä; Maria Paile-Hyvärinen; David J P Barker; Johan G Eriksson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-12-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of public health     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1464-360X     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Public Health     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9204966     Medline TA:  Eur J Public Health     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  719-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
1 Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland.
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