Document Detail

Prenatal and Postnatal Schizencephaly Findings by 2D and 3D Ultrasound: Pictorial Essay.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22754744     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Schizencephaly is a brain-destructive lesion relating to clefts in the fetal brain that usually communicate with the ventricular system, subarachnoid space, or both. It presents as two types: Type I (closed) and Type II (open). During pregnancy, it may be suspected in the course of ultrasonography, which highlights ventricular dilatation and brain abnormalities. Usually, the diagnosis is confirmed postnatally using trans-fontanel ultrasonography. The etiology of schizencephaly is still unknown, but it may be derived from a primary disorder of brain development or from bilateral middle cerebral artery occlusion. Many causative agents including vascular insult, infections, toxins, and medications have been associated with this malformation. We present a pictorial essay of six cases of schizencephaly that were suspected on prenatal ultrasound scans and confirmed postnatally by trans-fontanel, two-dimensional and three-dimensional ultrasonography.
Lívia Teresa Moreira Rios; Edward Araujo Júnior; Luciano Marcondes Machado Nardozza; Ana Carolina Rabachini Caetano; Antonio Fernandes Moron; Marília da Glória Martins
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-05-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical imaging science     Volume:  2     ISSN:  2156-5597     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Imaging Sci     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-03     Completed Date:  2012-10-02     Revised Date:  2013-12-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101564708     Medline TA:  J Clin Imaging Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  30     Citation Subset:  -    
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