Document Detail

Prenatal, perinatal, early life, and sociodemographic factors underlying racial differences in the likelihood of high body mass index in early childhood.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22994179     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: We investigated early childhood disparities in high body mass index (BMI) between Black and White US children.
METHODS: We compared differences in Black and White children's prevalence of sociodemographic, prenatal, perinatal, and early life risk and protective factors; fit logistic regression models predicting high BMI (≥ 95th percentile) at age 4 to 5 years to 2 nationally representative samples followed from birth; and performed separate and pooled-survey estimations of these models.
RESULTS: After adjustment for sample design-related variables, models predicting high BMI in the 2 samples were statistically indistinguishable. In the pooled-survey models, Black children's odds of high BMI were 59% higher than White children's (odds ratio [OR] = 1.59; 95% confidence interval [CI]= 1.32, 1.92). Sociodemographic predictors reduced the racial disparity to 46% (OR = 1.46; 95% CI = 1.17, 1.81). Prenatal, perinatal, and early life predictors reduced the disparity to nonsignificance (OR = 1.18; 95% CI = 0.93, 1.49). Maternal prepregnancy obesity and short-duration or no breastfeeding were among predictors for which racial differences in children's exposures most disadvantaged Black children.
CONCLUSIONS: Racial disparities in early childhood high BMI were largely explained by potentially modifiable risk and protective factors.
Margaret M Weden; Peter Brownell; Michael S Rendall
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-09-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  102     ISSN:  1541-0048     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-11     Completed Date:  2013-01-04     Revised Date:  2013-07-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2057-67     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
African Continental Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data*
Age Factors
Body Mass Index
Chi-Square Distribution
Child, Preschool
European Continental Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data*
Health Status Disparities*
Infant, Newborn
Logistic Models
Longitudinal Studies
Models, Statistical
Obesity / epidemiology*,  etiology
Odds Ratio
Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects / epidemiology
Risk Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
United States / epidemiology
Young Adult
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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