Document Detail

Prematurity and twinning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23016610     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Aim of the study: Newborns from multiple pregnancies are increasing in number and demonstrate a higher perinatal morbidity and mortality compared to singletons. Prematurity is the main reason for most neonatal diseases in twins, but other variables may play a role and their prenatal evaluation may improve the overall outcome. Main findings: Prematurity is six times more frequent in twins and therefore birth weight is significantly lower compared to singletons. Thus, twins are more exposed to prematurity related diseases (respiratory, cardiovascular, infectious, etc.) and to long-term complications (especially neurological disabilities). Results: It is very difficult to estimate the increased risk of neonatal morbidity related to twinning independently to the increased risk of prematurity and therefore to interpret data on morbidity rates, in particular regarding the neurodevelopmental outcome. Conclusion: Prevention of preterm birth is a primary goal in managing multiple pregnancies, together with prophylaxis with corticosteroids in order to improve foetal lung maturity. Accurate risk assessment strategies and adequate obstetrical-neonatological management of multiple pregnancies may reduce the increasing need for neonatal intensive care and for health resources in the long-term follow-up that has been observed over the last decades.
Mario Giuffrè; Ettore Piro; Giovanni Corsello
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  25 Suppl 3     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  6-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Maternal-Infant, Andrology and Urology Department, University of Palermo , Palermo , Italy.
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