Document Detail

Prematurity at birth: trends, racial disparities, and epidemiology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12454897     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
While infant mortality rates have continued to decline in the U.S., low birth weight and preterm rates have dramatically increased. Although the combination of factors that underlies these trends has not been fully described, there is growing concern that an appreciable part of the rise in prematurity rates stems from efforts taken to improve the survival of these high-risk infants. While advancements in medical technology and practice, augmented by improvements in prenatal care use, may have adversely effected prematurity rates and played a role in broadening racial disparities in pregnancy outcomes, they have positively impacted infant survival. Although many risk factors for prematurity have been identified, there are presently few areas for effective prevention. Accordingly, there is little encouragement for a downturn in prematurity rates in the near future. The prospect of continuing growth in the annual number of surviving preterm infants in the U.S. highlights the need for early detection and treatment of developmental problems for these high-risk survivors, and emphasizes the importance of assuring that needed support services are available to these children and their families.
Greg R Alexander; Martha Slay
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Mental retardation and developmental disabilities research reviews     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1080-4013     ISO Abbreviation:  Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev     Publication Date:  2002  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-11-27     Completed Date:  2003-04-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9517974     Medline TA:  Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  215-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294-0022, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Continental Population Groups
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases / mortality*
Infant, Premature
Infant, Very Low Birth Weight
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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