Document Detail

Prematurity as a public health problem: US policy from the 1920s to the 1960s.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8659665     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
During the 1920s and 1930s, a number of physicians created model premature infant stations in select hospitals, arguing that medicine could successfully treat premature infants, most of whom could be expected to live normal lives. Most hospitals and doctors, however, remained indifferent to the special medical needs of premature infants. Subsequently, public health officials, beginning in Chicago, took up the cause of the medical management of newborn premature infants, defining the problem and finding the resources for a community-wide solution. The latter included multiple, high-quality premature nurseries, infant transport, regionalization, and public financing. The "Chicago model" was adapted by many state and municipal departments of health, particularly after World War II, to create community-based programs, the largest of which was in New York City. As premature infant care became of greater interest to pediatricians and hospitals, in part because of the success achieved by public health officials, the earlier, prominent role of the latter was increasingly diminished and historically forgotten.
G M Oppenheimer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  86     ISSN:  0090-0036     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  1996 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-07-26     Completed Date:  1996-07-26     Revised Date:  2010-09-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  870-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; Q    
Department of Health and Nutrition Sciences, Brooklyn College, NY 11210, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Ambulances / history
Health Policy / history
History, 20th Century
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature*
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal / history
Intensive Care, Neonatal / history*
New York City
Pediatrics / history
Public Health / history*
Regional Medical Programs / history*
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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