Document Detail


Preliminary studies on the use of ultra-low-volume applications of malathion for control of Aedes simpsoni.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  5309519     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In view of the threat of additional yellow fever epidemics in East Africa and recent successes in the use of malathion applied by the ultra-low-volume technique against insect vectors, field trials were initiated in November 1968 to test the efficacy of this method against Aedes simpsoni. Results of these trials show that in areas where Musa ensetta is the principal breeding site, the application of 20.2 US fl oz/acre (1474 ml/ha) of malathion was capable of reducing vector populations 93%-100%. Comparable applications of 6 US fl oz/acre (438 ml/ha) reduced populations by 76% and 89%. Since this study did not conclusively demonstrate that the 6 US fl oz/acre dosage rate was sufficient to obtain maximum population reduction, further studies should be initiated to obtain information on the optimal dosage to be employed against this species.Under the conditions of these trials, the use of a light, single-engined aircraft equipped with a rotary atomizer spray system and capable of operation from improvised fields was shown to be feasible against this vector species. It was further demonstrated that the canopy formed by M. ensetta does not present an impossible barrier to the penetration of the spray droplets produced by the ULV application technique.Observations made on the application methodology and on the biology of A. simpsoni show the versatility of this species and the need for further studies on the integration of spray applications with the peak activity periods of the insect.
Authors:
G D Brooks; P Neri; N G Gratz; D B Weathers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0042-9686     ISO Abbreviation:  Bull. World Health Organ.     Publication Date:  1970  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1970-05-19     Completed Date:  1970-05-19     Revised Date:  2010-10-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7507052     Medline TA:  Bull World Health Organ     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  37-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aedes / drug effects*
Animals
Ethiopia
Humans
Insecticides / pharmacology*
Methods
Mosquito Control*
Phosphoric Acids / pharmacology*
Thiomalates / pharmacology*
Yellow Fever / prevention & control
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Insecticides; 0/Phosphoric Acids; 0/Thiomalates
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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