Document Detail


Preliminary screening of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and other fluorochemicals in fish, birds and marine mammals from Greenland and the Faroe Islands.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15840540     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Extensive screening analyses of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and related perfluorinated compounds in biota samples from all over the world have identified PFOS as a global pollutant and have shown its bioaccumulation into higher trophic levels in the food chain. Perfluorinated compounds have been found in remote areas as the Arctic. In this study a preliminary screening of PFOS and related compounds has been performed in liver samples of fish, birds and marine mammals from Greenland and the Faroe Islands. PFOS was the predominant fluorochemical in the biota analyzed, followed by perfluorooctane sulfonamide (PFOSA). PFOS was found at concentrations above LOQ (10 ng/g wet weight) in 13 out of 16 samples from Greenland and in all samples from the Faroe Islands. The results from Greenland showed a biomagnification of PFOS along the marine food chain (shorthorn sculpin < ringed seal < polar bear). The greatest concentration of PFOS was found in liver of polar bear from east Greenland (mean: 1285 ng/g wet weight, n = 2). The geographical distribution of perfluorinated compounds in Greenland was similar to that of persistent organohalogenated compounds (OHCs), with the highest concentrations in east Greenland, indicating a similar geographical distribution to that of OHCs, with higher concentrations in east Greenland than in west Greenland.
Authors:
Rossana Bossi; Frank F Riget; Rune Dietz; Christian Sonne; Patrik Fauser; Maria Dam; Katrin Vorkamp
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)     Volume:  136     ISSN:  0269-7491     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Pollut.     Publication Date:  2005 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-04-20     Completed Date:  2005-10-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804476     Medline TA:  Environ Pollut     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  323-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
National Environmental Research Institute, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000-Roskilde, Denmark. rbo@dmu.dk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Alkanesulfonic Acids / analysis*
Animals
Birds / metabolism*
Environmental Monitoring / methods*
Female
Fishes / metabolism*
Fluorocarbons / analysis*
Food Chain
Geography
Greenland
Liver / chemistry
Male
Mammals / metabolism*
Octanoic Acids / analysis
Seals, Earless / metabolism
Sulfonamides / analysis
Sulfonic Acids / analysis
Ursidae / metabolism
Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis*
Whales / metabolism
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Alkanesulfonic Acids; 0/Fluorocarbons; 0/Octanoic Acids; 0/Sulfonamides; 0/Sulfonic Acids; 0/Water Pollutants, Chemical; 1763-23-1/perfluorooctane sulfonic acid; 335-67-1/perfluorooctanoic acid; 355-46-4/perfluorohexanesulfonic acid; 754-91-6/perfluorooctanesulfonamide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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