Document Detail

Preliminary results of an outcome tool used for evaluation of surgical treatment for fecal incontinence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11391139     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: The lack of an outcome tool to evaluate the outcome of surgical and medical treatment for fecal incontinence makes interpretation of success difficult. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a preliminary outcome tool for fecal incontinence. METHOD: Since 1994 an extensive database has prospectively been collected on all females undergoing an overlapping sphincter repair for fecal incontinence by a single surgeon. A simple incontinence form designed to examine outcome, developed by colon and rectal surgeons, was filled out preoperatively and postoperatively. RESULTS: Of 206 females evaluated for surgical treatment of their fecal incontinence, 65 underwent surgical treatment from January 1994 until July 1999. The mean age was 49 (range, 23-80) years, and the mean follow-up was 10 (range, 1-50) months. When comparing each variable (problems holding gas, staining of undergarments, accidental bowel movements, and need to wear pads) and lifestyle issue (physical, social, and sexual activities) preoperatively and postoperatively, there was significant improvement in all areas. Three parameters were chosen (change in accidental bowel movements, improvement in two of three lifestyle areas, and improvement in one of three lifestyle areas) to examine individual items from the database and to determine if they affected outcome. No single variable has a significant effect on the outcome. A scoring system was devised from the questionnaire. From preoperatively to postoperatively, there was a median 14-point improvement that was statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: This preliminary tool to examine outcome for fecal incontinence measures parameters that are significantly improved by overlapping sphincteroplasty. More work is needed to refine and validate this tool because a standard outcome tool is needed for reporting the results of surgical treatment of fecal incontinence.
T L Hull; C Floruta; M Piedmonte
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Diseases of the colon and rectum     Volume:  44     ISSN:  0012-3706     ISO Abbreviation:  Dis. Colon Rectum     Publication Date:  2001 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-06-06     Completed Date:  2001-07-12     Revised Date:  2005-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372764     Medline TA:  Dis Colon Rectum     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  799-805     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Colon and Rectal Surgery, the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Anal Canal / surgery*
Fecal Incontinence / surgery*
Middle Aged
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)*
Patient Satisfaction
Postoperative Complications
Quality of Life
Questionnaires / standards
Sensitivity and Specificity
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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