Document Detail


Preliminary investigation of the supply of chemical species to an aqueous solution using a hydrogen-oxygen flame.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16124325     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A new method of supplying radical species to aqueous solutions using a hydrogen-oxygen flame is investigated. When a hydrogen-oxygen flame is directed on the surface of an aqueous solution, hydroxyl radicals (*OH) produced in the flame are extracted into the aqueous phase. The presence of *OH in the aqueous solution was confirmed by electron paramagnetic resonance with spin trapping using 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide. The extraction of *OH into the aqueous solution was monitored using a quantitative analysis of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The effects of the hydrogen and oxygen gas flow rates, hydrogen/oxygen ratio, and atmosphere on H2O2 formation were studied. When the hydrogen-oxygen flame blew on a phosphate buffer solution (pH 6.7) under an Ar atmosphere, the concentration of H2O2 increased with the blowing time of the flame and the flow rate of hydrogen gas. Under air, nitrate and nitrite ions were formed in the aqueous phase in addition to H2O2, and the H2O2 concentration was lower than that under argon. The application of this new method to an aqueous solution of Cu(II)-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) caused a remarkable decrease in the concentration of Cu(II)-EDTA and total organic carbon.
Authors:
Miho Uchida; Takahiro Sogabe; Tadaaki Ikoma; Akitsugu Okuwakit
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental science & technology     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0013-936X     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2005 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-08-29     Completed Date:  2005-11-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0213155     Medline TA:  Environ Sci Technol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  5851-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8579, Japan. miho@tohtech.ac.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Edetic Acid / analysis
Fires
Hydrogen / chemistry*
Hydroxyl Radical / chemistry*
Oxidants / chemistry*
Oxidation-Reduction
Oxygen / chemistry*
Solutions
Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis*
Water Purification / methods*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Oxidants; 0/Solutions; 0/Water Pollutants, Chemical; 1333-74-0/Hydrogen; 3352-57-6/Hydroxyl Radical; 60-00-4/Edetic Acid; 7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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