Document Detail

Preliminary assessment of nutritional value of plant-based diets in relation to human nutrients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19274594     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In this research, we present preliminary nutritional data for traditional vegetables and fruits including their content of mineral elements (calcium, potassium, sodium, zinc, and iron) and antioxidant phenolic compounds levels. Eight vegetables and vegetables were studied. Plant foods Asparagus officinalis DC, Chlorophytum comosum Linn., Cordia myxa Roxb., Portulaca oleracia Linn. and Solanum indicum Linn. were collected in Behbehan, south Iran, and also Alocacia indica Sch., Eulophia ocherata Lindl. and Momordica dioica Roxb. were collected from the south of India. Nutrients were measured with food analytical standard methods. The results of this study provide evidence that these local traditional vegetables, which do not require formal cultivation, could be important contributors to improving the nutritional content of Pune and Behbehan people. Results indicate that 50% of the vegetables have significant energy values ranging from 281.4 to 303.9 kcal/100 g. From this study, it was determined that five vegetables, namely A. officinalis, C. comosum, E. ocherata, P. oleracia and S. indicum, provide mineral concentrations exceeding 2% of the plant dry weight and are much higher than typical mineral concentrations in conventional edible vegetables; they are thus recommended for future commercial cultivation. High levels of antioxidant compounds were noticed in P. oleracia and S. indicum. The three plants S. indicum, A. officinalis and P. oleracia are suitable for high-temperature food processes.
Ali Aberoumand
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of food sciences and nutrition     Volume:  60 Suppl 4     ISSN:  1465-3478     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Food Sci Nutr     Publication Date:  2009  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-16     Completed Date:  2010-07-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9432922     Medline TA:  Int J Food Sci Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  155-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Food Science, Behbahan University, Behbehan City, Khuzestan Province, Iran.
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MeSH Terms
Antioxidants / analysis
Calcium, Dietary / analysis
Diet, Vegetarian*
Dietary Carbohydrates
Dietary Fiber / analysis
Dietary Proteins / analysis
Fruit / chemistry*
Iron, Dietary / analysis
Nutritional Requirements*
Phenols / analysis
Potassium, Dietary / analysis
Sodium, Dietary
Species Specificity
Vegetables / chemistry*
Water / analysis
Zinc / analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antioxidants; 0/Calcium, Dietary; 0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Proteins; 0/Iron, Dietary; 0/Phenols; 0/Potassium, Dietary; 0/Sodium, Dietary; 7440-66-6/Zinc; 7732-18-5/Water

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