Document Detail

Preliminary Analysis of the Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Essential Oils of Zingiber zerumbet.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21112917     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been widely used for the treatment of inflammation. However, despite their effectiveness, most NSAIDs cause various side effects that negatively affect the management of inflammation and, in part, pain. Thus, there is a need to search for new anti-inflammatory agents with few, or no, side effects. Natural products of plant, animal, or microorganism origin have been good sources of new bioactive compounds. The present study was carried out to evaluate the acute and chronic anti-inflammatory activities of the essential oil of the rhizomes of Zingiber zerumbet (Zingiberaceae) using the carrageenan-induced paw edema and cotton pellet-induced granuloma tests, respectively. The effect of the essential oil on inflammatory- and noninflammatory-mediated pain was also assessed using the formalin test. Essential oil of Z. zerumbet, at doses of 30, 100, and 300 mg/kg, was administered intraperitoneally to rats. The substance exhibited significant anti-inflammatory activity both in acute and chronic animal models. The essential oil also inhibited inflammatory- and noninflammatory-mediated pain when assessed using the formalin test. In conclusion, the essential oil of Z. zerumbet possessed anti-inflammatory activity, in addition to its antinociceptive activity, which may explain its traditional uses to treat inflammatory-related ailments.
Z A Zakaria; A S Mohamad; M S Ahmad; A F Mokhtar; D A Israf; N H Lajis; M R Sulaiman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biological research for nursing     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1552-4175     ISO Abbreviation:  Biol Res Nurs     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815758     Medline TA:  Biol Res Nurs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  425-32     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
1Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia.
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